What Are The 5 Rules Of Hockey

The 5 rules of hockey are:
1. Offside rule: This rule states that an attacking player cannot enter the opposing team’s offensive zone before the puck. If they do, it results in an offsides call, and play is stopped. The player must exit the offensive zone and then re-enter in a legal manner.

2. Icing rule: When a player shoots the puck from behind the center red line (or defensive zone) all the way down to the opponent’s goal line, it is considered icing. The play is then stopped, and a faceoff occurs in the defensive zone of the team that committed the icing.

3. Checking rule: Hockey is a contact sport, but there are specific rules regarding checking. Illegal hits, such as those targeting the head or from behind, are not allowed. Players must use their body or stick to legally impede the progress of an opponent.

4. Penalty rule: Players can receive penalties for various infractions such as tripping, high-sticking, or slashing. Penalties result in the player serving time in the penalty box, leaving their team short-handed. The opposing team then enjoys a power play with more players on the ice.

5. Overtime rule: In regular-season games, if the game is tied at the end of regulation time, there is a sudden-death overtime period played with fewer players on the ice. If no team scores during overtime, the game ends in a tie. However, in playoff games, there will be multiple overtime periods until one team scores, deciding the winner.


1. Can a player re-enter the game after serving a penalty?
– Yes, a player can re-enter the game. Once their time in the penalty box is over, and a stoppage in play occurs, they are allowed to return to the ice.

2. How long is a hockey game?
– A regular hockey game consists of three periods, each lasting 20 minutes. However, with stoppages and commercial breaks, the actual time for a game can be around 2.5 to 3 hours.

3. Can a team call a timeout during a game?
– Yes, each team is allowed to call one timeout during a game. This gives the players a chance to rest, regroup, and discuss tactics if necessary.

4. What happens if a team’s goaltender is injured during the game?
– If a team’s goaltender is injured and unable to continue playing, they can substitute another player as a goaltender. However, once the substitute goaltender is in the game, they cannot switch back to a regular player position.

5. Can a team change players during the game?
– Yes, teams can change players on the fly, as long as they are within their own team’s bench area. This allows teams to make strategic substitutions and keep fresh players on the ice.

6. How many officials are present in a hockey game?
– Typically, there are three officials in a hockey game: one referee and two linesmen. The referees are responsible for enforcing the rules, while the linesmen focus on offside and icing calls.

7. Can a player use their hands to control the puck?
– No, players cannot use their hands to control the puck intentionally. The only exception is the goaltender, who is allowed to use their hands within the designated goal crease area.

BOTTOM LINE: Understanding the basic rules of hockey, such as offsides, icing, checking, penalties, and overtime, is crucial for both players and fans to fully enjoy and appreciate the game of hockey.