How Is Ice Hockey Rink Made

How Is Ice Hockey Rink Made?
The ice hockey rink is made using a specific process and materials to ensure a smooth and solid surface for gameplay. Here are five supporting facts about how an ice hockey rink is made:

1. Building the Base: The first step in creating an ice hockey rink is preparing the base. A flat concrete or asphalt surface is typically used as the foundation. This ensures stability and durability for the rink.

2. Installing Insulation: Once the base is ready, insulation boards are laid down on top. These boards help to maintain the temperature and prevent heat from escaping the rink, allowing the ice to stay frozen.

3. Constructing the Border: The next step involves building the border or boards around the rink. This border acts as a barrier to keep the puck from going out of bounds during gameplay. It is usually made of wood or reinforced plastic materials.

4. Installing the Pipes: After the border is in place, a network of pipes is installed beneath the surface. These pipes carry a refrigerant, such as glycol, which circulates and cools the ice, creating the frozen playing surface.

5. Layering the Ice: Once the piping is set up, multiple layers of water are sprayed onto the surface, allowing it to freeze gradually. This process is repeated until the desired thickness of the ice is achieved, typically ranging from 1 to 1.5 inches thick.


1. How long does it take to make an ice hockey rink?
– The time it takes to make an ice hockey rink can vary depending on various factors such as weather conditions, construction materials, and equipment. However, it usually takes several days or even weeks to complete the entire process.

2. What materials are used for the border of the ice hockey rink?
– The border of an ice hockey rink is typically made of wood or reinforced plastic materials. These materials provide strength and durability, withstanding the impact of players and pucks during gameplay.

3. How cold does an ice hockey rink need to be to maintain the ice?
– To maintain the ice, the temperature of an ice hockey rink needs to be consistently below freezing point, usually around 16 to 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-9 to -7 degrees Celsius). This ensures that the ice remains solid and doesn’t melt during games.

4. Can a natural grass field be converted into an ice hockey rink?
– Yes, it is possible to convert a natural grass field into an ice hockey rink. The process typically involves covering the field with insulating materials, refrigeration equipment, and building the necessary border and piping infrastructure.

5. How often does the ice need to be resurfaced during a game?
– The ice surface in an ice hockey rink needs to be resurfaced periodically during a game to maintain its smoothness. This is usually done by a machine called an ice resurfacer, commonly known as a Zamboni. The frequency of resurfacing depends on the intensity of play but generally occurs every period or two.

6. Can an ice hockey rink be used for other purposes besides hockey?
– Yes, ice hockey rinks can be used for various other activities besides hockey. Rinks often host figure skating, recreational skating, speed skating, curling, and other ice-based events or sports.

7. How thick is the ice in an ice hockey rink?
– The ice in an ice hockey rink is typically maintained at a thickness of about 1 to 1.5 inches (2.5 to 3.8 centimeters). This thickness provides optimal conditions for gameplay, ensuring the ice is solid enough to withstand player movements and pucks.

Creating an ice hockey rink involves building a sturdy base, installing insulation, constructing the border, laying pipes for refrigeration, and layering the ice. The process takes time and requires specific materials and equipment to produce a solid and reliable playing surface.